About the project

New Jersey has some of the nation’s most ambitious targets for building offshore wind: 11 GW of capacity by 2040. The state is aiming to have 50% renewable energy by 2030 and be fully powered by clean energy by 2035. These are impressive goals – but what does all this energy talk mean for the average New Jerseyan?

Offshore wind for New Jersey residents 
Ocean Wind 1 is an offshore wind farm located 15 miles off the coast of southern New Jersey. While most residents will only see the turbines from a distance, their benefits will be felt across the state – by job seekers, small businesses, union members, and the environment. We’re working with local suppliers, building new facilities, and partnering with New Jersey universities and colleges. Ocean Wind 1 is more than just a part of New Jersey’s offshore wind target – it is a long-term investment in local communities and the environment.
Project timeline and status
  • Completed: Development

    During the development phase, Ørsted conducted environmental studies to verify project design. We presented project plans to elected officials, local regulators, community members, and other stakeholders. We’ve held 30 open houses across southern New Jersey to tell the public about Ocean Wind 1, including its community benefits and impacts, and met with hundreds of local stakeholders to develop and expand the local offshore wind supply chain.


    • Ocean Wind 1 selected by the Board of Public Utilities (June 2019) 
    • Initial Construction & Operations plan submitted (August 2019)
  • Completed: Permitting

    During the permitting phase, we received approval to site and build assets on specific onshore sites and are anticipating the final approvals for offshore construction.  For Ocean Wind 1, we achieved compliance with five levels of permitting: federal, regional, state, county, and local. For our offshore assets, we conducted site assessments and developed construction and operations plans for review by the BOEM. For land-based substations, we performed civil design reviews, including site grading, stormwater and drainage reviews, and land development conformity assessments.


    • Notice of Intent from the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management received (March 2021) 
    • Draft Environmental Impact Statement received (June 2022) 
    • State Permit Approval and Consistency Determination (April 2023) 
    • Publication of Final Environmental Impact Statement (May 2023) 
    • Publication of the Record of Decision (July 2023) 
    • Construction and Operations Plan Approval (October 2023) 

Resources and documents

In developing Ocean Wind 1, we’ve worked closely with local communities, government agencies, and more. Documents and resources from all stages of the project are available on our site.

Frequently asked questions (FAQ)
  • What is Ocean Wind 1?
    Ocean Wind 1 is an offshore wind farm being developed 15 miles off the coast of southern New Jersey. The 1,100 MW project is being developed by Ørsted, a leader in offshore wind in the U.S. and worldwide. Once complete, Ocean Wind 1 will generate enough clean energy to power half a million New Jersey homes and businesses. 
  • How will energy from Ocean Wind 1 reach the electrical grid?

    Offshore wind farms are connected to the electrical grid using submarine transmission cables that are attached to offshore wind turbines. Energy passes through the cables to an offshore substation, and is then transported to shore via subsea cables. These cables run deep beneath the beach, remaining buried along the entire length of the coastal zone, avoiding impacts on sensitive habitats.

    From there, the buried cable runs along existing roadways and rights of ways, alongside other utility infrastructure,  to an inland substation, where energy is delivered to the electrical grid.

  • Will Ocean Wind 1 hold up to storms and hurricanes? 
    Wind turbines are designed to weather 1,000-year storms and remain operational in wind speeds of up to 60 mph. Once the wind reaches above that speed, the turbines switch into protective mode. Turbines for the U.S. market are designed to comply with the most recent Tropical Storm design standards used in areas with cyclones, known as “T-class”.  

    Ørsted’s Block Island Wind Farm has successfully weathered several hurricanes and strong nor’easters since coming online in December 2016.
  • Will Ocean Wind 1 impact New Jersey's natural ecosystems?

    We are committed to building offshore wind power sustainably, and we take great care to ensure that wind energy and wildlife can thrive side by side. Our biodiversity policy sets out the principles that underpin our efforts to protect the natural environment in the areas where we construct and operate offshore wind farms. 

    We collaborate extensively with stakeholders to understand local considerations and sensitivities to potential offshore wind farm locations as we site the projects. We work to minimize impacts during construction and continuously monitor and mitigate potential impacts during the operational life of the wind farm. 

    For Ocean Wind 1, we have extensively engaged with key environmental and marine stakeholders in and around New Jersey, and have planned our project to have minimal impacts. 

  • What is the relationship between offshore wind and marine mammals?

    Offshore wind farms have a limited impact on marine mammals. While construction and installation activity do produce noise, Ørsted uses noise abatement and mitigation technologies to dampen noise   that would otherwise disturb underwater life. Protective measures are employed during all phases of offshore construction.

    For example, during pre-construction, we perform high-resolution geophysical (HRG) surveys using equipment that operates at frequencies undetectable by marine mammals. Survey vessels travel at speeds no greater than 10 knots to reduce noise, and marine observers are always onboard to watch for underwater creatures.

    More broadly, the offshore wind industry is subject to the highest levels of protection for marine mammals and protected species. Every aspect of our surveys, construction, and operations are reviewed by multiple local, state, and federal agencies. We are also subject to protective conditions, including vessel speeds, time of year restrictions for construction activities, and regulations requiring onboard observers.

    This is why there is no evidence linking offshore wind activity to whale strandings. In fact, offshore wind farms have a crucial role to play in protecting whales by fighting climate change, which has caused whales migration patterns to change. These new patterns put whales at risk of colliding with ships, a common cause of whale deaths.

    Ørsted is committed to taking a responsible, nature-conscious approach to developing offshore wind farms. We work closely with scientists, conservationists, and biodiversity experts to ensure the peaceful coexistence of offshore wind and marine wildlife. 

  • Will Ocean Wind 1 have an impact on fishing?

    Ørsted has a long record of engaging with the commercial and recreational fishing industries, and coming to agreements to ensure productive coexistence. We are committed to being a good neighbor, and to working together to make both a successful clean energy sector and a thriving fishing industry possible.  

    We have the largest, most proactive marine affairs team of any offshore wind developer in the U.S. We minimize disruptions to fishing activities at all phases of project development and construction, and provide weekly briefings to local mariners. We aim to ensure that fishermen have easy access to waters for fishing and can safely navigate during wind farm operations. 

  • How does offshore wind’s environmental footprint compare to other energy sources?

    Depending on its size, the lifecycle emissions of an offshore wind turbine max out around 15 grams of carbon CO2 equivalent (i.e., carbon emissions compared to fossil fuel sources) per kilowatt-hour. The majority of these emissions occur during the production and construction phases of development.

    This is no more than 3.5% of the lifetime emissions produced by common fossil fuels. Power plants burning natural gas can emit between 430 and 760 grams of CO2e per kilowatt-hour. Coal-fired plants fare even worse, producing up to 1,700 grams of CO2e per kilowatt-hour.

    While Ørsted is working to reduce the carbon intensity of wind turbine production, lifecycle assessments show offshore wind to be the cleaner alternative. 

  • What happens when Ocean Wind 1 reaches the end of its lifecycle?
    When Ocean Wind 1 reaches the end of its lifecycle, the turbines will be decommissioned and removed from the ocean. The materials making up the turbines will then be recycled.
  • Who determines when offshore wind farms are built?
    The federal government determines when seabeds on the outer continental shelf can be leased. When leases open, offshore wind developers are invited by the government to bid on predetermined lease areas. 

    States will then issue a solicitation for project bids, asking developers to submit proposals for offshore wind farms. States do this as a way to meet their clean energy targets and procure energy over a term at a fixed price. These bids include the technical specifications for the wind farm and investment commitments to be made to the state.

    In this case, the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities awarded Ørsted a solicitation for building Ocean Wind 1 in June 2019. 
  • Which government agencies regulate and approve Ocean Wind 1?

    The lead regulator of Ocean Wind 1 at the federal level is the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), which is part of the Department of the Interior. Regulatory approval is also required from the U.S. Coast Guard, the Department of Homeland Security, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and others.

    At the state level, the Board of Public Utilities issues contracts that may require state utilities to purchase power. The Department of Environmental Protection issues a variety of permits for ecosystems protection as well.

    At the local level, we work with town and county governments for permits related to construction and interconnection. 

  • What are electromagnetic fields? How do they interact with offshore wind farms?

    Electromagnetic fields (EMF) are a combination of electric and magnetic fields of force. EMF are generated wherever electricity is transmitted or used (e.g., by household appliances, electric wiring, power lines).

    EMF are typically localized. In the case of offshore wind farms, offshore and onshore cable systems are often the source of EMF. They are strongest closest to the point at which the fields originate and decrease rapidly in strength the farther they are from the source.

    We perform a modeling analysis on our cables to ensure that any EMF emissions are below required thresholds.

How do offshore wind farms work?

America is building more and more offshore wind farms – but how exactly do these assets work? Discover how turbines produce and transmit clean energy.